Skip to main content

What is permissive parenting and is it a recipe for disaster?

Is permissive parenting allowing kids to rule?

smiling child drawing on the wall

Parenting styles have been the subject of debate for ages. Recently, ABC’s The Parent Test has put parenting styles under a microscope in a new reality show focusing on 12 families with different ways of parenting their children. Critiquing parenting styles is not a new thing, though. American psychologist Diana Baumrind studied parenting styles in the late 60s. Baumrind identified three main parenting styles: permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative. She also studied each one’s impact on children.

In the 80s, Eleanor Maccoby and John Martin added a fourth parenting style — uninvolved or neglectful. What exactly is permissive parenting, and is it right for you? Let’s take a look at permissive parenting, as well as the other parenting styles considered the norm.

What is permissive parenting?

Baumrind defined a permissive parenting style as one in which the parents are loving, attentive, and lenient. Kids growing up in permissive parenting environments typically don’t have boundaries, rules, or consequences. Permissive parenting is sometimes referred to as a passive or indulgent style of parenting, where the support is high and the demands are minimal.

Father and teen having a talk on a bench

Parenting styles defined

While new parenting style labels like helicopter and overprotective have cropped up over the years. They’re thought to be offshoots of the other main parenting styles identified by Baumrind and later Maccoby and Martin.


The authoritarian style involves severe verbal punishment and setting extremely strict boundaries. Parents also ignore the child’s perspective and even go so far as to berate the kid for expressing an opinion or not following a rule. The commonly used explanation for imposing a negative consequence is “because I told you so” without any clarification.


Not to be confused with the previously mentioned style, the authoritative style relates to setting clearly defined boundaries and having appropriate expectations while recognizing that the child may not have the emotional tools to deal with some situations and will need guidance. However, the authoritative parent also gives the child, depending on age, enough space to make mistakes and to learn from them. This parent also praises a child’s good behavior and has a tendency to listen to the child’s perspective as much as offer advice.


While permissive parenting is unstructured with children having little if any boundaries, the parents are thought to be highly responsive. Uninvolved parenting also lacks boundaries, but the parents are not responsive, meaning they don’t have much interaction with their kids. Children with uninvolved parents are often on their own a great deal and lack supervision.

Permissive parents catering to son in king's crown

Is permissive parenting right for you?

The authoritative style is a popular one with psychologists and psychiatrists since it sets boundaries while still allowing children to have a say and make mistakes. Permissive parenting and authoritarian are on opposite sides of the parenting spectrum.

Children coming from permissive parenting environments often get a label of being spoiled. While agreeing to disagree about permissive parenting might be expected when discussing the role of rules and discipline, a person would have to look at many factors that affect parenting styles when deciding on what works in their family. When exploring permissive parenting, it helps to clarify the pros and cons to determine if you and your children are on a good path toward success and healthy relationships.

Teen on keyboard late at night

What is an example of permissive parenting?

Real-world situations that exemplify permissive parenting include not setting ground rules or giving out consequences for certain behaviors. For example, a parent asks the child to clean their room, but only when it’s convenient for that child. In another scenario, a parent won’t set a bedtime for school nights even when the children have to get up early to get ready and have breakfast before leaving.

A permissive parent won’t set time limits on screen time, allowing kids to play video games or be on their devices at all hours of the day and night. Other illustrations of permissive parenting involve the parent always sacrificing for the child’s sake. For instance, this person never rests because the child is staying up late, or the parent allows the child to constantly interrupt a conversation with another adult.

Excited son hugs dad after getting a car

Why is permissive parenting good?

As Dr. Gwen Dewar notes in her article in Parenting Science, researchers Garcia and Gracia conducted a survey among 1416 adolescents aged 12 to 17. They inquired about parental strictness with the participants responding to statements such as “My parents give me certain jobs to do and will not let me do anything else until they are done” and “My parents make sure I know exactly what I can and cannot do.” The parents were categorized as authoritative if the teens agree with these statements and permissive if their kids disagreed. The results showed positive outcomes for the teens whose parents were less strict, which included:

  • Strong academic achievement
  • Close social connections
  • Avoidance of substance abuse or risky behavior

When looking further at factors that affected the results, Garcia and Gracia concluded that the culture and social norms of a region had a lot of bearing on child-rearing. For instance, in Spain, where the study took place, the norm is to place the good of the community above oneself. In this environment, according to Garcia, et al, permissive parenting with some degree of guidance and boundaries for the children proves to be the ideal style.

Little girl climbing on mom's head

Is permissive parenting abuse?

In the legal sense, according to, permissive parenting doesn’t fit the description of abuse. Basic needs aren’t being denied, which eliminates the offense of neglect. However, if a permissive parent allows a teen to drink alcohol, even at home, this parent runs the risk of being charged with contributing to the delinquency of a minor.

On the other hand, if parents allow that same teen to drive without a license, then the minor, not the adults, would receive a penalty depending on the state in which they reside. So, while this parenting style doesn’t necessarily constitute the definition of abuse, to some extent, allowing a child or teen to do something illegal could have unintended consequences.

Permissive parenting checked off on a parenting style checklist

Is being a permissive parent being a bad parent?

Since permissive parents don’t set clear boundaries, kids growing up in that environment often have difficulty following rules and with authority in general. A permissive household may also make kids more egocentric and impulsive. While these are certainly drawbacks, the other part of permissive parenting where parents considering the needs and opinions of the child is certainly positive.

No two parenting styles are alike, though some might seem to have similarities. Likewise, the definition of permissive most likely differs among parents using the style to raise their children. Regardless of whether you lean more toward permissive parenting or not, being patient and willing to listen while keeping the lines of communication open will always benefit your child. In the end, the best style of parenting may in fact involve a mixture of the three first identified and studied by Baumrind.

Editors' Recommendations

Leslie Anderson
Former Digital Trends Contributor
Leslie Anderson is a freelance writer/writing coach from Roswell, N.M. She enjoys gardening, cooking, and helping students…
What age do boys stop growing?
Find out if boys actually stop growing once they reach the age of 18
Toddler standing against a growth chart on wall

Every child is different, and that means they will hit certain developmental milestones at different times, and this is one of the reasons parents will often ask, "At what age do boys stop growing?" Parents are used to charting their sons' growth as they grow from infancy to toddlerhood and beyond, but what happens when boys don't continue to follow those typical milestones?
Boys often fall behind girls when it comes to hitting those pre-teen growth spurts, which often leads to many wondering when their son will catch up. Although most boys tend to stop growing between the ages of 16 and 18, there's no definitive age when boys stop growing.

When do boys typically go through puberty?
As we mentioned earlier, every child is different, but according to Nemours, boys typically go through puberty between the ages of 9 and 14. It also notes that the majority of growth happens between the ages of 12 and 15, but that isn't the only change boys experience when they hit puberty. They may begin to develop facial hair and pubic hair, their penis and testicles will begin to grow, their voice may begin to change, and their raging hormones may make them almost unrecognizable to their parents.

Read more
Try these sunburn remedies for kids when things get too hot
Sometimes the sun beats the sunscreen. When it does, these sunburn remedies will help your child heal right up
A father putting sunscreen on his young child.

Sometimes we get a sunburn no matter how much sunscreen we apply, or how often. And children are much more sensitive to the sun's rays, so if you don't reapply to the second, their precious skin burns up on the spot. If the sunscreen didn't do all it could and your child comes home looking like a tomato, here's what to put on a sunburn to help them be more comfortable while they heal.
Cool things off

Cool bath or shower
Cool compresses on the burns

Read more
Advice for new parents that they’ll want to hear
Know someone about to have a baby? This advice for new parents will make you their hero
A mother singing to her little baby

Everyone has something to say to new parents. Recommendations, products they should or shouldn't get, or just ways they should be a parent. While suggestions are great, there's advice for new parents that is more welcome than others. If you want to be supportive but not overstep boundaries, stick to these topics.
Find your support squad
There's going to be stress no matter what, so your support system is key. Help the new parent find a group they would feel comfortable in. Check your local library, community center, Facebook, or even nearby schools for different groups the new parents could join. Whether they want a play date or an emotional support group, there is a place for every type of new parent.
Don't be too big to accept help
If someone offers help -- take it. New parents want to spend every second enjoying their new bundle, and while that is understandable, you cannot do it all alone. While keeping your boundaries in place, make a list of help you'd personally love to have.

Do you want meals delivered to the doorstep? Do you want help exclusively with cleaning? Are there other siblings that could use extra attention? Have a sign-up for relatives or friends to take on those tasks themselves. People love to help out a new parent, so let them, as long as it's still on their terms.

Read more