Skip to main content

Does your child have Asperger’s Syndrome? Experts explain how to tell

As a parent, you notice a new thing about your child every day. As a parent of a toddler, you notice about 30 new things a day. As your toddler develops motor skills, tries to make friends at the playground, and expands vocabulary (hopefully past “mine” and “no”) you might notice some other changes as well.

Maybe you realize that your child never looks you in the eye when telling you a story, or that your toddler has gone the last five days only talking about one specific character from a show. If you have started to wonder if these little quirks could mean something more, you aren’t alone. According to Everyday Health, the CDC states that “about 1 in every 68 children has an autism spectrum disorder.” If you think that might include your tiny tot, let’s go over some signs of Asperger’s in toddlers that you can look out for.

A little boy with his face on his hands sitting outside.

What is Asperger’s?

Asperger Syndrome is a type of autism. This syndrome is named after pediatrician Hans Asperger who in 1944 noticed high intelligence but low social skills in a number of his patients. It’s a “disorder most notable for the often great discrepancy between the intellectual and social abilities of those who have it.”

It wasn’t until 1994 when Asperger’s was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and not until 2013 when it was added to the autism spectrum umbrella. Though experts aren’t fully certain what causes Asperger’s, according to the Genetic and Rare Disease Information Center, “there is a strong genetic basis” and “environmental factors are also thought to play an important role.”

At what age does Asperger’s present itself?

Asperger’s:

  • can be diagnosed as young as 3 years old
  • is most common in boys

Asperger’s usually doesn’t start to present itself in children until after the first few years. According to the Nationwide Children’s Organization, “boys are three to four times more likely than girls to have Asperger’s Syndrome. Most cases are diagnosed between the ages of five and nine, with some diagnosed as early as age three.”

At 18 months and 24 months old, your child’s pediatrician will do screenings for autism. This can help you understand what to look out for if your little one displays symptoms of Asperger’s as they get older.

A child bopping their mother on the nose.

How can I tell if my toddler has Asperger’s?

Though your pediatrician will screen your child and ask you if you have any questions or concerns at every check-up, you can be aware of some signs if you have an inkling.

Signs of Asperger’s:

  • intense reaction to sensory changes, such as bright lights or loud sounds
  • extreme attachment to unusual objects (favorite remote instead of a favorite teddy)
  • extreme unease when any routine is changed (the tantrums are more full-on and longer)
  • inability to understand other people’s feelings and facial reactions
  • off-sounding voice and speech
  • fixation on one topic, show, or character
  • social interactions that always seem a bit off
  • clumsy, uncoordinated physical traits (might fall a lot, have a tough time coloring or writing)
  • ability to quickly memorize facts or remember where things are

These are some of the most common signs and easiest to spot. If you notice even a few of these signs consistently in your child’s behavior, you should talk to a pediatrician who specializes in autism diagnosis.

Signs of Asperger’s in toddlers quiz

If your toddler doesn’t have a planned well visit coming up or your mind just won’t settle, there are online quizzes you can take. While online questionnaires and quizzes will never be an actual diagnosis, they can better direct you to what to look for and what to ask your child’s pediatrician.

Quizzes

These are only a few, but they are all free and don’t require you to put personal information in to get your results. But again, none are to be used as a diagnosis; only to help you decide if you should tell a pediatrician that you want your child tested properly for Asperger’s.

A mother with her child at the doctor's office.

Is there a cure for Asperger’s?

  • there are no cures or home remedies
  • you can help manage symptoms with treatment
  • treatment can mean therapy, education, or training techniques
  • there is no medication for the actual syndrome, but medication for some symptoms like anxiety

While there is no grand cure or medication to eliminate Asperger’s, there are plenty of treatments you can mix and match to find one route that’s right for your child. It’s important to get a diagnosis as early as possible so you can start training with your child on how to deal with challenges that come up.

Those with Asperger’s have excellent attention to detail, a keen eye for patterns, and the kind of persistence and focus that we all wish we could have had in school. Focusing and redirecting to those positives will help keep your toddler on track.

We all have things that could potentially hold us back, but we choose to work around those obstacles. If your child is diagnosed, it’s only a matter of finding the path they need to take to enjoy the same things in life as everyone else.

Editors' Recommendations